Actual source code: ex54f.F

petsc-3.7.3 2016-07-24
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  1: !
  2: !   Description: Solve Ax=b.  A comes from an anisotropic 2D thermal problem with Q1 FEM on domain (-1,1)^2.
  3: !       Material conductivity given by tensor:
  4: !
  5: !       D = | 1 0       |
  6: !           | 0 epsilon |
  7: !
  8: !    rotated by angle 'theta' (-theta <90> in degrees) with anisotropic parameter 'epsilon' (-epsilon <0.0>).
  9: !    Blob right hand side centered at C (-blob_center C(1),C(2) <0,0>)
 10: !    Dirichlet BCs on y=-1 face.
 11: !
 12: !    -out_matlab will generate binary files for A,x,b and a ex54f.m file that reads them and plots them in matlab.
 13: !
 14: !    User can change anisotropic shape with function ex54_psi().  Negative theta will switch to a circular anisotropy.
 15: !
 16: !/*T
 17: !   Concepts: KSP^solving a system of linear equations
 18: !T*/
 19: ! -----------------------------------------------------------------------
 20:       program main
 21:       implicit none
 22: #include <petsc/finclude/petscsys.h>
 23: #include <petsc/finclude/petscvec.h>
 24: #include <petsc/finclude/petscmat.h>
 25: #include <petsc/finclude/petscksp.h>
 26: #include <petsc/finclude/petscpc.h>
 27: #include <petsc/finclude/petscviewer.h>
 28: #include <petsc/finclude/petscviewer.h90>
 29:       Vec              xvec,bvec,uvec
 30:       Mat              Amat
 31:       KSP              ksp
 32:       PC               pc
 33:       PetscErrorCode   ierr
 34:       PetscViewer viewer
 35:       PetscInt qj,qi,ne,M,Istart,Iend,geq,ix
 36:       PetscInt ki,kj,lint,nel,ll,j1,i1,ndf
 37:       PetscInt :: idx(4)
 38:       PetscBool  flg,out_matlab
 39:       PetscMPIInt npe,mype
 40:       PetscScalar::ss(4,4),res(4),val
 41:       PetscReal::shp(3,9),sg(3,9),flux(2)
 42:       PetscReal::thk,a1,a2
 43:       PetscReal, external :: ex54_psi
 44:       PetscReal::norm,tol,theta,eps,h,x,y,xsj
 45:       PetscReal::coord(2,4),dd(2,2),ev(3),blb(2)

 47:       common /ex54_theta/ theta
 48: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 49: !                 Beginning of program
 50: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 51:       call PetscInitialize(PETSC_NULL_CHARACTER,ierr)
 52:       call MPI_Comm_size(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,npe,ierr)
 53:       call MPI_Comm_rank(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,mype,ierr)
 54: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 55: !                 set parameters
 56: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 57:       ne = 9
 58:       call PetscOptionsGetInt(PETSC_NULL_OBJECT,PETSC_NULL_CHARACTER,      &
 59:      &                        '-ne',ne,flg,ierr)
 60:       h = 2.d0/real(ne)
 61:       M = (ne+1)*(ne+1)
 62:       theta = 90.d0
 63: !     theta is input in degrees
 64:       call PetscOptionsGetReal(PETSC_NULL_OBJECT,PETSC_NULL_CHARACTER,     &
 65:      &                         '-theta',theta,flg,ierr)
 66:       theta = theta / 57.2957795
 67:       eps = 1.d0
 68:       call PetscOptionsGetReal(PETSC_NULL_OBJECT,PETSC_NULL_CHARACTER,     &
 69:      &                         '-epsilon',eps,flg,ierr)
 70:       ki = 2
 71:       call PetscOptionsGetRealArray(PETSC_NULL_PETSC,                     &
 72:      &           OBJECT_NULL_CHARACTER,'-blob_center',blb,ki,flg,ierr)
 73:       if ( .not. flg ) then
 74:          blb(1) = 0.d0
 75:          blb(2) = 0.d0
 76:       else if ( ki .ne. 2 ) then
 77:          print *, 'error: ', ki,
 78:      &        ' arguments read for -blob_center.  Needs to be two.'
 79:       endif
 80:       call PetscOptionsGetBool(PETSC_NULL_OBJECT,PETSC_NULL_CHARACTER,      &
 81:      &                         '-out_matlab',out_matlab,flg,ierr)
 82:       if (.not.flg) out_matlab = PETSC_FALSE;

 84:       ev(1) = 1.d0
 85:       ev(2) = eps*ev(1)
 86: !     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 87: !     Compute the matrix and right-hand-side vector that define
 88: !     the linear system, Ax = b.
 89: !     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 90: !  Create matrix.  When using MatCreate(), the matrix format can
 91: !  be specified at runtime.
 92:       call MatCreate(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,Amat,ierr)
 93:       call MatSetSizes( Amat,PETSC_DECIDE, PETSC_DECIDE, M, M, ierr )
 94:       if ( npe == 1 ) then
 95:          call MatSetType( Amat, MATAIJ, ierr )
 96:       else
 97:          call MatSetType( Amat, MATMPIAIJ, ierr )
 98:       endif
 99:       call MatMPIAIJSetPreallocation(Amat,9,PETSC_NULL_INTEGER,6,
100:      &     PETSC_NULL_INTEGER, ierr)
101:       call MatSetFromOptions( Amat, ierr )
102:       call MatSetUp( Amat, ierr )
103:       call MatGetOwnershipRange( Amat, Istart, Iend, ierr )
104: !  Create vectors.  Note that we form 1 vector from scratch and
105: !  then duplicate as needed.
106:       call MatCreateVecs( Amat, PETSC_NULL_OBJECT, xvec, ierr )
107:       call VecSetFromOptions( xvec, ierr )
108:       call VecDuplicate( xvec, bvec, ierr )
109:       call VecDuplicate( xvec, uvec, ierr )
110: !  Assemble matrix.
111: !   - Note that MatSetValues() uses 0-based row and column numbers
112: !     in Fortran as well as in C (as set here in the array "col").
113:       thk = 1.d0              ! thickness
114:       nel = 4                   ! nodes per element (quad)
115:       ndf = 1
116:       call int2d(2,lint,sg)
117:       ix = 0
118:       do geq=Istart,Iend-1,1
119:          qj = geq/(ne+1); qi = mod(geq,(ne+1))
120:          x = h*qi - 1.d0; y = h*qj - 1.d0 ! lower left corner (-1,-1)
121:          if ( qi < ne .and. qj < ne ) then
122:             coord(1,1) = x;   coord(2,1) = y
123:             coord(1,2) = x+h; coord(2,2) = y
124:             coord(1,3) = x+h; coord(2,3) = y+h
125:             coord(1,4) = x;   coord(2,4) = y+h
126: ! form stiff
127:             ss = 0.d0
128:             do ll = 1,lint
129:                call shp2dquad(sg(1,ll),sg(2,ll),coord,shp,xsj,2)
130:                xsj = xsj*sg(3,ll)*thk
131:                call thfx2d(ev,coord,shp,dd,2,2,4,ex54_psi)
132:                j1 = 1
133:                do kj = 1,nel
134:                   a1 = (dd(1,1)*shp(1,kj) + dd(1,2)*shp(2,kj))*xsj
135:                   a2 = (dd(2,1)*shp(1,kj) + dd(2,2)*shp(2,kj))*xsj
136: c     Compute residual
137: c                  p(j1) = p(j1) - a1*gradt(1) - a2*gradt(2)
138: c     Compute tangent
139:                   i1 = 1
140:                   do ki = 1,nel
141:                      ss(i1,j1) = ss(i1,j1) + a1*shp(1,ki) + a2*shp(2,ki)
142:                      i1 = i1 + ndf
143:                   end do
144:                   j1 = j1 + ndf
145:                end do
146:             enddo

148:             idx(1) = geq; idx(2) = geq+1; idx(3) = geq+(ne+1)+1
149:             idx(4) = geq+(ne+1)
150:             if ( qj > 0 ) then
151:                call MatSetValues(Amat,4,idx,4,idx,ss,ADD_VALUES,ierr)
152:             else                !     a BC
153:                do ki=1,4,1
154:                   do kj=1,4,1
155:                      if (ki<3 .or. kj<3 ) then
156:                         if ( ki==kj ) then
157:                            ss(ki,kj) = .1d0*ss(ki,kj)
158:                         else
159:                            ss(ki,kj) = 0.d0
160:                         endif
161:                      endif
162:                   enddo
163:                enddo
164:                call MatSetValues(Amat,4,idx,4,idx,ss,ADD_VALUES,ierr)
165:             endif               ! BC
166:          endif                  ! add element
167:          if ( qj > 0 ) then      ! set rhs

169:             val = h*h*exp(-1.d2*((x+h/2)-blb(1))**2)*
170:      &           exp(-1.d2*((y+h/2)-blb(2))**2)
171:             call VecSetValues(bvec,1,geq,val,INSERT_VALUES,ierr)
172:          endif
173:       enddo
174:       call MatAssemblyBegin(Amat,MAT_FINAL_ASSEMBLY,ierr)
175:       call MatAssemblyEnd(Amat,MAT_FINAL_ASSEMBLY,ierr)
176:       call VecAssemblyBegin(bvec,ierr)
177:       call VecAssemblyEnd(bvec,ierr)

179: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
180: !          Create the linear solver and set various options
181: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

183: !  Create linear solver context

185:       call KSPCreate(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,ksp,ierr)

187: !  Set operators. Here the matrix that defines the linear system
188: !  also serves as the preconditioning matrix.

190:       call KSPSetOperators(ksp,Amat,Amat,ierr)

192: !  Set runtime options, e.g.,
193: !      -ksp_type <type> -pc_type <type> -ksp_monitor -ksp_rtol <rtol>
194: !  These options will override those specified above as long as
195: !  KSPSetFromOptions() is called _after_ any other customization
196: !  routines.

198:       call KSPSetFromOptions(ksp,ierr)

200: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
201: !                      Solve the linear system
202: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

204:       call KSPSolve(ksp,bvec,xvec,ierr)
205:       CHKERRQ(ierr)


208: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
209: !                      output
210: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
211:       if ( out_matlab ) then
212:          call PetscViewerBinaryOpen(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,'Amat',
213:      &        FILE_MODE_WRITE,viewer,ierr)
214:          call MatView(Amat,viewer,ierr)
215:          call PetscViewerDestroy(viewer,ierr)

217:          call PetscViewerBinaryOpen(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,'Bvec',
218:      &        FILE_MODE_WRITE,viewer,ierr)
219:          call VecView(bvec,viewer,ierr)
220:          call PetscViewerDestroy(viewer,ierr)

222:          call PetscViewerBinaryOpen(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,'Xvec',
223:      &        FILE_MODE_WRITE,viewer,ierr)
224:          call VecView(xvec,viewer,ierr)
225:          call PetscViewerDestroy(viewer,ierr)

227:          call MatMult(Amat,xvec,uvec,ierr)
228:          val = -1.d0
229:          call VecAXPY(uvec,val,bvec,ierr)
230:          call PetscViewerBinaryOpen(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,'Rvec',
231:      &        FILE_MODE_WRITE,viewer,ierr)
232:          call VecView(uvec,viewer,ierr)
233:          call PetscViewerDestroy(viewer,ierr)

235:          if ( mype == 0 ) then
236:             open(1,file='ex54f.m', FORM='formatted')
237:             write (1,*) 'A = PetscBinaryRead('Amat');'
238:             write (1,*) '[m n] = size(A);'
239:             write (1,*) 'mm = sqrt(m);'
240:             write (1,*) 'b = PetscBinaryRead('Bvec');'
241:             write (1,*) 'x = PetscBinaryRead('Xvec');'
242:             write (1,*) 'r = PetscBinaryRead('Rvec');'
243:             write (1,*) 'bb = reshape(b,mm,mm);'
244:             write (1,*) 'xx = reshape(x,mm,mm);'
245:             write (1,*) 'rr = reshape(r,mm,mm);'
246: c            write (1,*) 'imagesc(bb')'
247: c            write (1,*) 'title('RHS'),'
248:             write (1,*) 'figure,'
249:             write (1,*) 'imagesc(xx')'
250:             write (1,2002) eps,theta*57.2957795
251:             write (1,*) 'figure,'
252:             write (1,*) 'imagesc(rr')'
253:             write (1,*) 'title('Residual'),'
254:             close(1)
255:          endif
256:       endif
257:  2002 format('title('Solution: esp=',d9.3,', theta=',g8.3,''),')
258: !  Free work space.  All PETSc objects should be destroyed when they
259: !  are no longer needed.

261:       call VecDestroy(xvec,ierr)
262:       call VecDestroy(bvec,ierr)
263:       call VecDestroy(uvec,ierr)
264:       call MatDestroy(Amat,ierr)
265:       call KSPDestroy(ksp,ierr)
266:       call PetscFinalize(ierr)

268:       end

270: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
271: !     thfx2d - compute material tensor
272: ! - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

274:       subroutine thfx2d(ev,xl,shp,dd,ndm,ndf,nel,dir)

276: c     Compute thermal gradient and flux

278:       implicit  none

280:       integer   ndm,ndf,nel,i
281:       PetscReal ev(2),xl(ndm,nel),shp(3,*),dir
282:       PetscReal xx,yy,psi,cs,sn,c2,s2,dd(2,2)

284: c      temp     = 0.0d0
285: c      gradt(1) = 0.0d0
286: c      gradt(2) = 0.0d0
287:       xx       = 0.0d0
288:       yy       = 0.0d0
289:       do i = 1,nel
290: c        gradt(1) = gradt(1) + shp(1,i)*ul(1,i)
291: c        gradt(2) = gradt(2) + shp(2,i)*ul(1,i)
292: c        temp     = temp     + shp(3,i)*ul(1,i)
293:         xx       = xx       + shp(3,i)*xl(1,i)
294:         yy       = yy       + shp(3,i)*xl(2,i)
295:       end do
296:       psi = dir(xx,yy)
297: c     Compute thermal flux
298:       cs  = cos(psi)
299:       sn  = sin(psi)
300:       c2  = cs*cs
301:       s2  = sn*sn
302:       cs  = cs*sn

304:       dd(1,1) = c2*ev(1) + s2*ev(2)
305:       dd(2,2) = s2*ev(1) + c2*ev(2)
306:       dd(1,2) = cs*(ev(1) - ev(2))
307:       dd(2,1) = dd(1,2)

309: c      flux(1) = -dd(1,1)*gradt(1) - dd(1,2)*gradt(2)
310: c      flux(2) = -dd(2,1)*gradt(1) - dd(2,2)*gradt(2)

312:       end

314: !     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
315: !     shp2dquad - shape functions - compute derivatives w/r natural coords.
316: !     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
317:        subroutine shp2dquad(s,t,xl,shp,xsj,ndm)
318: c-----[--.----+----.----+----.-----------------------------------------]
319: c      Purpose: Shape function routine for 4-node isoparametric quads
320: c
321: c      Inputs:
322: c         s,t       - Natural coordinates of point
323: c         xl(ndm,*) - Nodal coordinates for element
324: c         ndm       - Spatial dimension of mesh

326: c      Outputs:
327: c         shp(3,*)  - Shape functions and derivatives at point
328: c                     shp(1,i) = dN_i/dx  or dN_i/dxi_1
329: c                     shp(2,i) = dN_i/dy  or dN_i/dxi_2
330: c                     shp(3,i) = N_i
331: c         xsj       - Jacobian determinant at point
332: c-----[--.----+----.----+----.-----------------------------------------]
333:       implicit  none
334:       integer   ndm
335:       real*8    xo,xs,xt, yo,ys,yt, xsm,xsp,xtm,xtp, ysm,ysp,ytm,ytp
336:       real*8    s,t, xsj,xsj1, sh,th,sp,tp,sm,tm, xl(ndm,4),shp(3,4)

338: c     Set up interpolations

340:       sh = 0.5d0*s
341:       th = 0.5d0*t
342:       sp = 0.5d0 + sh
343:       tp = 0.5d0 + th
344:       sm = 0.5d0 - sh
345:       tm = 0.5d0 - th
346:       shp(3,1) =   sm*tm
347:       shp(3,2) =   sp*tm
348:       shp(3,3) =   sp*tp
349:       shp(3,4) =   sm*tp

351: c     Set up natural coordinate functions (times 4)

353:       xo =  xl(1,1)-xl(1,2)+xl(1,3)-xl(1,4)
354:       xs = -xl(1,1)+xl(1,2)+xl(1,3)-xl(1,4) + xo*t
355:       xt = -xl(1,1)-xl(1,2)+xl(1,3)+xl(1,4) + xo*s
356:       yo =  xl(2,1)-xl(2,2)+xl(2,3)-xl(2,4)
357:       ys = -xl(2,1)+xl(2,2)+xl(2,3)-xl(2,4) + yo*t
358:       yt = -xl(2,1)-xl(2,2)+xl(2,3)+xl(2,4) + yo*s

360: c     Compute jacobian (times 16)

362:       xsj1 = xs*yt - xt*ys

364: c     Divide jacobian by 16 (multiply by .0625)

366:       xsj = 0.0625d0*xsj1
367:       if (xsj1.eq.0.0d0) then
368:          xsj1 = 1.0d0
369:       else
370:          xsj1 = 1.0d0/xsj1
371:       endif

373: c     Divide functions by jacobian

375:       xs  = (xs+xs)*xsj1
376:       xt  = (xt+xt)*xsj1
377:       ys  = (ys+ys)*xsj1
378:       yt  = (yt+yt)*xsj1

380: c     Multiply by interpolations

382:       ytm =  yt*tm
383:       ysm =  ys*sm
384:       ytp =  yt*tp
385:       ysp =  ys*sp
386:       xtm =  xt*tm
387:       xsm =  xs*sm
388:       xtp =  xt*tp
389:       xsp =  xs*sp

391: c     Compute shape functions

393:       shp(1,1) = - ytm+ysm
394:       shp(1,2) =   ytm+ysp
395:       shp(1,3) =   ytp-ysp
396:       shp(1,4) = - ytp-ysm
397:       shp(2,1) =   xtm-xsm
398:       shp(2,2) = - xtm-xsp
399:       shp(2,3) = - xtp+xsp
400:       shp(2,4) =   xtp+xsm

402:       end

404: !     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
405: !     int2d
406: !     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
407:       subroutine int2d(l,lint,sg)
408: c-----[--.----+----.----+----.-----------------------------------------]
409: c     Purpose: Form Gauss points and weights for two dimensions

411: c     Inputs:
412: c     l       - Number of points/direction

414: c     Outputs:
415: c     lint    - Total number of points
416: c     sg(3,*) - Array of points and weights
417: c-----[--.----+----.----+----.-----------------------------------------]
418:       implicit  none
419:       integer   l,i,lint,lr(9),lz(9)
420:       real*8    g,third,sg(3,*)
421:       data      lr/-1,1,1,-1,0,1,0,-1,0/,lz/-1,-1,1,1,-1,0,1,0,0/
422:       data      third / 0.3333333333333333d0 /

424: c     Set number of total points

426:       lint = l*l

428: c     2x2 integration
429:       g = sqrt(third)
430:       do i = 1,4
431:          sg(1,i) = g*lr(i)
432:          sg(2,i) = g*lz(i)
433:          sg(3,i) = 1.d0
434:       end do

436:       end

438: !     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
439: !     ex54_psi - anusotropic material direction
440: !     - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
441:       PetscReal function ex54_psi(x,y)
442:       implicit  none
443:       PetscReal x,y,theta
444:       common /ex54_theta/ theta
445:       ex54_psi = theta
446:       if ( theta < 0. ) then     ! circular
447:          if (y==0) then
448:             ex54_psi = 2.d0*atan(1.d0)
449:          else
450:             ex54_psi = atan(-x/y)
451:          endif
452:       endif
453:       end