petsc-master 2017-07-23
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sets which blocks of the approximate block factorization to retain in the preconditioner


#include "petscpc.h" 
PetscErrorCode  PCFieldSplitSetSchurFactType(PC pc,PCFieldSplitSchurFactType ftype)
Collective on PC

Input Parameters

pc - the preconditioner context
ftype - which blocks of factorization to retain, PC_FIELDSPLIT_SCHUR_FACT_FULL is default

Options Database

-pc_fieldsplit_schur_fact_type <diag,lower,upper,full> default is full -


The FULL factorization is

  (A   B)  = (1       0) (A   0) (1  Ainv*B)  = L D U
  (C   E)    (C*Ainv  1) (0   S) (0     1  )

where S = E - C*Ainv*B. In practice, the full factorization is applied via block triangular solves with the grouping L*(D*U). UPPER uses D*U, LOWER uses L*D, and DIAG is the diagonal part with the sign of S flipped (because this makes the preconditioner positive definite for many formulations, thus allowing the use of KSPMINRES). Sign flipping of S can be turned off with PCFieldSplitSetSchurScale().

   If A and S are solved exactly
     *) FULL factorization is a direct solver.
     *) The preconditioned operator with LOWER or UPPER has all eigenvalues equal to 1 and minimal polynomial of degree 2, so KSPGMRES converges in 2 iterations.
     *) With DIAG, the preconditioned operator has three distinct nonzero eigenvalues and minimal polynomial of degree at most 4, so KSPGMRES converges in at most 4 iterations.

If the iteration count is very low, consider using KSPFGMRES or KSPGCR which can use one less preconditioner application in this case. Note that the preconditioned operator may be highly non-normal, so such fast convergence may not be observed in practice.

For symmetric problems in which A is positive definite and S is negative definite, DIAG can be used with KSPMINRES.

Note that a flexible method like KSPFGMRES or KSPGCR must be used if the fieldsplit preconditioner is nonlinear (e.g. a few iterations of a Krylov method is used to solve with A or S).


1. - Murphy, Golub, and Wathen, A note on preconditioning indefinite linear systems, SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 21 (2000).
2. - Ipsen, A note on preconditioning nonsymmetric matrices, SIAM J. Sci. Comput., 23 (2001).

See Also

PCFieldSplitGetSubKSP(), PCFIELDSPLIT, PCFieldSplitSetFields(), PCFieldSplitSchurPreType, PCFieldSplitSetSchurScale()

Index of all PC routines
Table of Contents for all manual pages
Index of all manual pages