Failure Prediction: What To Do with Unpredicted Failures?
|Title||Failure Prediction: What To Do with Unpredicted Failures?|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Bouguerra, MS, Gainaru, A, Cappello, F|
Abstract-As large parallel systems increase in size and complexity, failures are inevitable and exhibit complex space and time dynamics. Several key results have demonstrated that recent advances in event log analysis can provide precise failure prediction. The state of the art in failure prediction provides a ratio of correctly identified failures to the number of all predicted failures of over 90% and able to discover around 50% of all failures in a system. However, large parts of failures are not predicted and are considered as false negative alerts. Therefore, developing efficient fault tolerance strategies to tolerate failures requires a good perception and understanding of failure prediction characteristics. To understand the properties of false negative alerts, we conducted a statistical analysis of the probability distribution of such alerts and their impact on fault tolerance techniques. specifically we studied failures logs from different HPC production systems. We show that (i) the false negative distribution has the same nature as the failure distribution (ii) After adding failure prediction, we were able to infer statistical models that describe the inter-arrival time between false negative alerts and hence current fault tolerance can be applied to these systems. Moreover, we show that the current failures traces have a high correlation between the failure inter-arrival time that can be used to improve the failure prediction mechanism. Another