Argonne National Laboratory

Sparse Jacobian Computation Using ADIC2 and ColPack

TitleSparse Jacobian Computation Using ADIC2 and ColPack
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsNarayanan, SHK, Norris, B, Hovland, PD, Nguyen, DC, Gebremedhin, AH
Conference NameProcedia Computer Science
Date Published06/2011
Conference LocationSingapore
Other NumbersANL/MCS-P1841-0211

Many scientific applications benefit from the accurate and efficient computation of derivatives. Automatically generating these derivative computations from an applications source code offers a competitive alternative to other approaches, such as less accurate numerical approximations or labor-intensive analytical implementations. ADIC2 is a source transformation tool for generating code for computing the derivatives (e.g., Jacobian or Hessian) of a function given the C or C++ implementation of that function. Often the Jacobian or Hessian is sparse and presents the opportunity to greatly reduce storage and computational requirements in the automatically generated derivative computation. ColPack is a tool that compresses structurally independent columns of the Jacobian and Hessian matrices through graph coloring approaches. In this paper, we describe the integration of ColPack coloring capabilities into ADIC2, enabling accurate and efficient sparse Jacobian computations. We present performance results for a case study of a simulated moving bed chromatography application. Overall, the computation of the Jacobian by integrating ADIC2 and ColPack is approximately 40% faster than a comparable implementation that integrates ADOL-C and ColPack when the Jacobian is computed multiple times.