V. M. Zavala, "Proactive Energy Management for High-Performance Buildings: Exploiting and Motivating New Sensor Technologies," Preprint ANL/MCS-P1951-0911, September 2011. [pdf]
We discuss how sensor technologies have enabled the development of proactive energy management (EM) systems. At the same time, we discuss how these emerging EM systems motivate the development of new sensor technologies. Proactive EM systems integrate advances in weather forecasting, sensors, predictive models, and real-time optimization algorithms to anticipate uncertain factors that affect energy performance and costs and make real-time set-point corrections (AHU delivery conditions, ventilation rates, thermostats) to modulate them. Ongoing deployment studies have found that up to 30% HVAC energy savings are achievable using this type of technologies. We describe extensions of these systems to exploit emerging sensor technologies including occupancy, ventilation, and air quality sensors.