LANS Informal Seminar
"Methods for Solving Large Dynamic Optimization Problems in Economics"
DATE: November 29, 2012
TIME: 10:30:00 - 11:30:00 Description:
SPEAKER: Ken Judd, Hoover Institution, Stanford University
LOCATION: Building 240, 1404-1405, Argonne National Laboratory
Economic systems have many dimensions due to differences in people, products, and geography. There is also much uncertainty in economic systems. Any optimality analysis of an economic problem must be able to incorporate this high dimensionality.
I will describe current efforts in solving such problems. The key idea is Value Function Iteration from the dynamic programming literature, but computational implementation of that approach faces challenges in approximating a value function, computing expectations, and solving huge numbers of relatively small optimization problems. Parallel computing is necessary to solve even modest size problems. A unique feature of economics problems is that the domain of the solution is not known a priori, making it desirable to adopt flexible methods that can solve for the domain of the solution as well as the solution.
The result is a combination of methods from approximation theory, quadrature theory, and simulation methods, all coordinated in a manner suitable for massively parallel environments.
TIME: 10:30:00 - 11:30:00
Please send questions or suggestions to Debojyoti Ghosh: ghosh at mcs dot anl dot gov.