**petsc-3.13.1 2020-05-02**

# PetscSFSetGraphWithPattern

Sets the graph of an SF with a specific pattern
### Synopsis

#include "petscsf.h"
PetscErrorCode PetscSFSetGraphWithPattern(PetscSF sf,PetscLayout map,PetscSFPattern pattern)

Collective

### Input Parameters

### Notes

It is easier to explain PetscSFPattern using vectors. Suppose we have an MPI vector x and its layout is map.
n and N are local and global sizes of x respectively.
With PETSCSF_PATTERN_ALLGATHER, the routine creates a graph that if one does Bcast on it, it will copy x to
sequential vectors y on all ranks.

With PETSCSF_PATTERN_GATHER, the routine creates a graph that if one does Bcast on it, it will copy x to a
sequential vector y on rank 0.

In above cases, entries of x are roots and entries of y are leaves.

With PETSCSF_PATTERN_ALLTOALL, map is insignificant. Suppose NP is size of sf's communicator. The routine
creates a graph that every rank has NP leaves and NP roots. On rank i, its leaf j is connected to root i
of rank j. Here 0 <=i,j<NP. It is a kind of MPI_Alltoall with sendcount/recvcount being 1. Note that it does
not mean one can not send multiple items. One just needs to create a new MPI datatype for the mulptiple data
items with MPI_Type_contiguous() and use that as the <unit> argument in SF routines.

In this case, roots and leaves are symmetric.

### Level

intermediate

### Location

src/vec/is/sf/interface/sf.c

Index of all PetscSF routines

Table of Contents for all manual pages

Index of all manual pages