Actual source code: ex9f.F90

petsc-master 2019-08-15
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  1: !
  2: !
  3: ! Description: Illustrates the use of VecCreateGhost()
  4: !
  5: !/*T
  6: !   Concepts: vectors^assembling vectors;
  7: !   Concepts: vectors^ghost padding;
  8: !   Processors: n
  9: !
 10: !   Description: Ghost padding is one way to handle local calculations that
 11: !      involve values from other processors. VecCreateGhost() provides
 12: !      a way to create vectors with extra room at the end of the vector
 13: !      array to contain the needed ghost values from other processors,
 14: !      vector computations are otherwise unaffected.
 15: !T*/

 17:       program main
 18:  #include <petsc/finclude/petscvec.h>
 19:       use petscvec
 20:       implicit none

 22:       PetscMPIInt rank,mySize
 23:       PetscInt nlocal,nghost,ifrom(2)
 24:       PetscErrorCode ierr
 25:       PetscInt i,rstart,rend,ione
 26:       PetscBool   flag
 27:       PetscScalar  value,tarray(20)
 28:       Vec          lx,gx,gxs
 29:       PetscViewer  subviewer

 31:       nlocal = 6
 32:       nghost = 2

 34:       call PetscInitialize(PETSC_NULL_CHARACTER,ierr)
 35:       if (ierr /= 0) then
 36:         print*,'PetscInitialize failed'
 37:         stop
 38:       endif
 39:       call MPI_Comm_rank(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,rank,ierr)
 40:       call MPI_Comm_size(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,mySize,ierr)

 42:       if (mySize /= 2) then; SETERRA(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,1,'Requires 2 processors'); endif

 44: !
 45: !     Construct a two dimensional graph connecting nlocal degrees of
 46: !     freedom per processor. From this we will generate the global
 47: !     indices of needed ghost values
 48: !
 49: !     For simplicity we generate the entire graph on each processor:
 50: !     in real application the graph would stored in parallel, but this
 51: !     example is only to demonstrate the management of ghost padding
 52: !     with VecCreateGhost().
 53: !
 54: !     In this example we consider the vector as representing
 55: !     degrees of freedom in a one dimensional grid with periodic
 56: !     boundary conditions.
 57: !
 58: !        ----Processor  1---------  ----Processor 2 --------
 59: !         0    1   2   3   4    5    6    7   8   9   10   11
 60: !                               |----|
 61: !         |-------------------------------------------------|
 62: !


 65:       if (rank .eq. 0) then
 66:         ifrom(1) = 11
 67:         ifrom(2) = 6
 68:       else
 69:         ifrom(1) = 0
 70:         ifrom(2) = 5
 71:       endif

 73: !     Create the vector with two slots for ghost points. Note that both
 74: !     the local vector (lx) and the global vector (gx) share the same
 75: !     array for storing vector values.

 77:       call PetscOptionsHasName(PETSC_NULL_OPTIONS,PETSC_NULL_CHARACTER,   &
 78:      &                         '-allocate',flag,ierr)
 79:       if (flag) then
 80:         call VecCreateGhostWithArray(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,nlocal,            &
 81:      &        PETSC_DECIDE,nghost,ifrom,tarray,gxs,ierr)
 82:       else
 83:         call VecCreateGhost(PETSC_COMM_WORLD,nlocal,PETSC_DECIDE,        &
 84:      &       nghost,ifrom,gxs,ierr)
 85:       endif


 88: !      Test VecDuplicate

 90:        call VecDuplicate(gxs,gx,ierr)
 91:        call VecDestroy(gxs,ierr)

 93: !      Access the local Form

 95:        call VecGhostGetLocalForm(gx,lx,ierr)

 97: !     Set the values from 0 to 12 into the 'global' vector

 99:        call VecGetOwnershipRange(gx,rstart,rend,ierr)

101:        ione = 1
102:        do 10, i=rstart,rend-1
103:          value = real(i)
104:          call VecSetValues(gx,ione,i,value,INSERT_VALUES,ierr)
105:  10    continue

107:        call VecAssemblyBegin(gx,ierr)
108:        call VecAssemblyEnd(gx,ierr)

110:        call VecGhostUpdateBegin(gx,INSERT_VALUES,SCATTER_FORWARD,ierr)
111:        call VecGhostUpdateEnd(gx,INSERT_VALUES,SCATTER_FORWARD,ierr)

113: !     Print out each vector, including the ghost padding region.

115:        call PetscViewerGetSubViewer(PETSC_VIEWER_STDOUT_WORLD,PETSC_COMM_SELF,subviewer,ierr)
116:        call VecView(lx,subviewer,ierr)
117:        call PetscViewerRestoreSubViewer(PETSC_VIEWER_STDOUT_WORLD,PETSC_COMM_SELF,subviewer,ierr)

119:        call VecGhostRestoreLocalForm(gx,lx,ierr)
120:        call VecDestroy(gx,ierr)
121:        call PetscFinalize(ierr)
122:        end


125: !/*TEST
126: !
127: !     test:
128: !       nsize: 2
129: !
130: !     test:
131: !       suffix: 2
132: !       nsize: 2
133: !       args: -allocate
134: !
135: !TEST*/