Interior-point methods for the monotone semidefinite linear complementarity problem in symmetric matrices

Masakazu Kojima, Susumu Shindoh, Shinji Hara

The SDLCP (semidefinite linear complementarity problem) in symmetric matrices introduced in this paper provides a unified mathematical model for various problems arising from systems and control theory and combinatorial optimization. It is defined as the problem of finding a pair $(\X,\Y)$ of $n \times n$ symmetric positive semidefinite matrices which lies in a given $n(n+1)/2$ dimensional affine subspace $\FC$ of $\SC^2$ and satisfies the complementarity condition $\X \bullet \Y = 0$, where $\SC$ denotes the $n(n+1)/2$ dimensional linear spaces of symmetric matrices and $\X \bullet \Y$ the inner product of $\X$ and $\Y$. The problem enjoys a close analogy with the LCP in the Euclidean space. In particular, the central trajectory leading to a solution of the problem exists under the nonemptiness of the interior of the feasible region and a monotonicity assumption on the affine subspace $\FC$. The aim of this paper is to establish a theoretical basis of interior-point methods with the use of Newton directions toward the central trajectory for the monotone SDLCP.

Research Reports on Information Sciences, No. B-282, Department of Mathematical and Computing Sciences, Tokyo Institute of Technology, April, 1994, Revised April 1995.